Virginia Planter and Slaveholder
Virginia Planter and Slaveholder
1) The philosophical ideals embodied by James Madison
Madison James (1751-1836) was the US fourth president as a Virginia slaveholder and planter. He, Alexander Hamilton, a Federalists Papers co-author, and John Jay fought for the implementation of a strong, constitutionally made central government. The Bill of Rights was first written by James Madison who was a staunch human rights advocate. Madison advocated for the independence of America through his speech and his famous article the “Summary View of the Rights of British America”.
He worked as a delegate of the Continental Congress where he was the appointed person in charge of drafting the territorial provisions which included the Ordinances of the North West region. His main interest after a long experience in political involvement both in and outside America, he began to develop intellectual a philosophies on his views of the disregarding issues affecting the nation. In Madison’s political career, he further showed his philosophical ideologies especially on the aspect of religious freedom. This aspect was well documented in the Constructional Convention of 1787, making him an active participant in the ratification and planning of the America’s constitution (Madison, 1989, pp 811)…
(2) The similarities and differences of Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
The “Article of the Confederation” was the US first constitution which indicated the operations of the Federal governments. One aspect on this article was that it suggested how the federal governments would be called under one unified name, “the United States Of America. Despite this constitution being of great benefit to nation, its main weakness was seen before the revolution’s end. This weakens was that the article had given so much power to the federal governments in the fear of developing a central strong authority to oversee the operations of the states governments. For example, on the aspect of tax collection, the congress would ask states to bring in financial contributions since it lacked the authority of directly levying taxes. The Constitution on the other hand had well drawn requirements on the role of the executive branch which was act as the laws enforcer and the requirements of laws interpretation by a court system. The congress under the constitution was to be the national government’s sole organ. As the president, Madison James signed the constitution (Madison, 1989, pp 811)…
(3) Madison James major argument on the ratification of the Constitution
Madison main aspects for the constitution ratification were through his philosophy and principle of the Bill of Rights. His philosophy was on the theory that the newly formed American republic required balances and checks so as to ensure there is individual rights protection based on the majority rule. His bill of rights was adopted into the Constitution. Madison support for the constitutional ratification was through his agreement on the aspect that all the America’s states should be give equal opportunity for voting in senate members but despite of this, his best options was his consideration of developing a draft constitution during the course of the ratification process (Madison, 1989, pp 811).
Madison finally singed the constitution on September 17, 1787. This however did not come easily. It was a matter of revising the Confederation Article which some delegates were in support of. The members of the congress who were also the convention members were Gorham, Madison and King. They are the federalist who supported the constitution. Their claim was opposed by the anti-federalists was on the central government which was given additional powers. The anti-federalists were afraid that the constitution would be the highway to the development of a tyranny power under the central government. This aspect was mainly influenced by the British government which by then had recently violated the civil rights, both during and before the revolution.
On behalf of the nation, Madison opposed the US financial plan given by Alexander Hamilton but he knew that the financial plan would be of great benefit to the Northern financers interests. He therefore became the founder of the Republican Party which was the first’s party of its own kind in America. The Southerners and the Northerners came into a major conflict of divisive fissures in the 1830s. Madison with the United States interest at heart, he fought against the rights of states and he maintains that all the regions should remain under one unity (The White House President, 2010).
(4) Argument against the ratification
Since Madison was the founder of the Bill of Rights which specified the individual rights of an individual citizen he advocated for the ratiocination of the constitution. The constitutional amendment was based on free exercise of one religion. This was through his article which spoke of the separation of the church from government. He was against the government action of imposing on individuals the Christian religious believes. His support for the ratification of the constitution was also because of the legislation to enact its first revenue. He opposed the financial proposal given by Hamilton because he felt such arguments would lead to bestowing power and wealth to the financers from the Northern region.
The White House President (2010) James Madison. Retrieved from
On December 17, 2010
Madison, J (1989) Jonathan Elliot’s Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 as Reported by James Madison. pp.811