The controversy of Global warming

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 There has been an increase in average temperature of the earth near surface of the ocean and air.  This is condition that started in the mid 20th century and is still continuing.  The increase of surface temperature has risen from 0.74 ± 0.18 ° C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) since then.  Reports from  the Intergovernmental  Panel On  Climate Channel (IPCC), shows that most of the observed  increasing temperatures are likely to have been  caused by the increase in concentration of  human activity like deforestation, and fossils  fuel  burning. Greenhouses gases have also contributed to this. The panel also concludes that isolations in natural phenomena such as vocalic eruptions and solar radiation have some cooling effect after 1950 (Hegel et.al, 2007). Global surface temperatures are likely to rise further in the 21st century. 


  Many authors have written various books and articles on global warming; its cause, effects and the future of global warming. Some have written on the predicted impacts and how detrimental effects can be reduced. However, other authors, journalist and academicians have refuted the whole issue of global warming. Some say global warming does not is inexistent while others say that the earth is currently at cooling effects.This paper will present some of these sources in a brief unnoted bibliography that will describe whether the authors are in support of the issue of global warming and its existence or not.


 The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007): Climate change; a synthesis report.    

           Retrieved from

           http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains1.html

           On May 21, 2010

The IPCC  repost defines climate change as  a state  that can be identified by the use of  statistical tests, or changes in the variability or mean  of its properties which may persist for  an  extended  period of time such as through  decades. These changes are caused by human activity and greenhouse gases.  The report  indicates that temperature increase is widespread  all over the globe   which is  evident in the increase  of  sea  level, decrease  in  ice and snow, unpredictable  climate changes and increased in  intense tropical cyclone activity in  the North Atlantic since 1970. The book further presents various sectors like the agriculture, human health tourism energy, water sector, infrastructures and settlement zones. These are the sectors for adaptation that amends mitigation options.

Maslin, M (2007) Global warming: causes, effects and the future, world life library,

               Voyageur Press, p 50- 72.


 The author defines and presents a brief overview of the issue of global warming. He then presents the evidence impacts of global warming. One of the chapters deals with the devastation that has been felt in the Amazon forest and the Gulf Stream. Other areas are wildlife, agriculture and the costal region. The causes to this Is mainly the changes caused by the human activities. The author then presents that efforts being made to solve the effects of global warming and ways which we can adopt them.

Spencer R (2004) the discovery of global warming, Harvard University press, 

                 p 145

The author presents the bits and pieces of global warming as a complex topic which threatens human survival.  The book is a reminder that scientists can not work alone in   addressing the issue of global warming.  Other systems which have to interact are the public and political systems.  The book analyses the nature of modern scientific work as it confronts difficult questions concerning the earth surface.


 Liverman, D.M. (2008) conventions of climate change:  the construction of danger and

              the dispassion of the atmosphere, p 12–14. Retrieved from

               http://www.eci.ox.ac.uk/~dliverma/CV/JHGE07-17.pdf.

               On May 21, 2010

The author acknowledges the dangers that are already being experienced in the world due to climate change.  The paper argues against the powerful article which obscures the historical geographies of climate change. Such articles are the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change of 1992 and the 1997 Kyoto protocol.  These narratives have fostered solutions which are somewhat ineffective an unequal in reducing the risks of global warming. Such narratives, according to Liverman avoid the dangers of climate change.


 New York Times (2010) we can’t wish away climate change by Al Gore. Retrieved from

           http://www.nytimes.com/

              On 31st March 2010

             Gore holds the fact that we are responsible to take an alternative to reduce and even eliminate the predicted effects that global warming has to the rising water level, marine life,  and on desertification. He believes that the danger is growing as we continuously dump ninety million tons every twenty four hours in to the air that poses global warming pollutionVarious regions of the world are now experiencing different temperatures that make it had to predict the weather. The heavy snowballs that occur in winter months is  no longer  a predictable occurrence yet people still insist that global warming is a myth (Gore, 2010 p 1). Global warming has increased the rate of evaporation from the oceans leading to heavy downfall as both snow and rain, for example what is experienced  in the Northeastern region of  the United Sates.


 Ball, T (2007) GLOBAL warming: the cold, hard facts, Canada press, retrieved from

           http://www.canadafreepress.com/2007/global-warming020507.htm

             On May 21, 2010.

Ball, the former professor of geography denies the whole issue of global warming.  He says that since the 1940’s the earth surface has been cooling down.  The satellite data shows the cooling effects and the whole evidence of global warming is nothing but distorted records. Carbon dioxide is not retained up one the earth surface and therefore no heat will be held by the CO2.


 WSJ opinions archive (2008) Global warming delusions by Daniel Botkin. Retrieved 

           from

           http://www.opinionjournal.com/

                 On May 21, 2010

Botkin, though a scientists, he dose not believe on scientific analysis of climate change and global warming. He says that the forecasters of climate are out there to scare and frighten people in the society.  He also states that the scientific methods that have been used to predict climatic change have been unrealistic and crude, for example in the case of Mt Kilimanjaro; he acknowledges that it is melting away but not because of global warming. The melting pattern of the mountain according to him is due to change of air temperature around this mountain. This shows the different notion of Botkin towards the realty and existence of Global warming which is a skeptical way of persevering environmental reality.The last two materials by Botkin and Ball will assist in the research for they refute thee first three articles.  The resechers will therefore deal with the controversy that exists on the environmental topic- global warming.


  Reference

 Hegerl, G .et. al (2007). Understanding and Attributing Climate Change.  Retrieved from.

http://www.ipcc-wg1.unibe.ch/

On May 21, 2010


Janet Peter is the author and is associated with meldaresearch.com which is a global research papers 24/7 provider. If you would like help in essays, research papers, term papers and dissertations, you can visit ResearchPapers247.com

 

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