Author: Prof. Richard Brixton

 

Qualitative Design

 


            My choice of research design would be the qualitative design. As Weinberg (2002) argues, qualitative methods are extremely crucial when it comes gaining an understanding of a given phenomena. The research question I would consider is “why do people go against the expert advice of their doctors?” On coming up with the research question, I would choose a case study as the qualitative design type I would be happy to pursue.


Creswell (2003) notes that for a single case study, the case study design type is best as it strives to expound on a given phenomena. With that in mind, the case could be an institution, group or even person. In this scenario, the case involves a group; i.e. individuals who do not follow the expert advice advanced to them by their doctors.


 With that in mind, I would be interested in explaining the ‘why’ question as regards people’s tendency to go against advice and directions given by qualified medical practitioners. It has been found out that patients risk their livers in a number of ways by sometimes doing the exact opposite of what their doctors recommend. There are a wide range of reasons for these. In his research will set to put this reasons to perspective.


         The research question I formulate above is appropriate as it does not lead to the raising of other questions. It does not also have words which may be taken to have dual meanings. To address the research question formulated above, I would begin by beginning from a given theoretical perspective. This will in one way or the other give some vital insights which I will then set to test.


 References

Weinberg, D. (2002). Qualitative research methods. Wiley-Blackwell

Creswell, J.W. (2003). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches SAGE


 

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Qualitative Design: Home Health Care

 


                 My choice of research design would be the qualitative design. The topic in this case is ‘Home Health Care’ As Weinberg (2002) argues, qualitative methods are extremely crucial when it comes gaining an understanding of a given phenomena. The research question I would consider is “does the patient get cost effective as well as quality service?” On coming up with the research question, I would choose a case study as the qualitative design type I would be happy to pursue.


Creswell (2003) notes that for a single case study, the case study design type is best as it strives to expound on a given phenomena. With that in mind, the case could be an institution, group or even person. In this scenario, the case involves a group; i.e. individuals who are enrolled in the home healthcare program.


 With that in mind, I would be interested in explaining the ‘whether’ question as regards their cost as well as service quality people are getting when it comes to home healthcare. Over time, the quality as well as cost of the various home care programs has been put to question and hence with that in mind, a research of this nature is not only needed but is also appropriate. An answer to this research question is highly relevant as it would inform policy decisions at the implementation level.


             The research question I formulate above is appropriate as it does not lead to the raising of other questions. It does not also have words which may be taken to have dual meanings. To address the research question formulated above, I would begin by beginning from a given theoretical perspective. This will in one way or the other give some vital insights which I will then set to test.


 References

Weinberg, D. (2002). Qualitative research methods. Wiley-Blackwell

Creswell, J.W. (2003). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches SAGE


 

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ANNOTATION

                                                    


 Siegel, M., & Lotenberg, L.D. (2007). Marketing public health: strategies to promote social change. Jones & Bartlett Learning

It is important to note that various authors and experts have over time given slightly different definitions of customer satisfaction as well as loyalty. However, the most practical definition in my own opinion is the one given by Siegel & Lotenberg (2007). According to Siegel & Lotenberg (2007), customer loyalty can be defined as the likelihood of a client staying with a given brand and/or vendor. On the other hand, Siegel & Lotenberg (2007) define customer royalty as the level or degree to which a customer’s expectations are met or exceeded by a company’s or firms products or group of products. In healthcare marketing, Siegel & Lotenberg (2007) note that customer satisfaction is a key indicator of performance within the field of healthcare marketing.


 Berkowitz, E.N. (2006). Essentials of health care marketing. Jones & Bartlett Learning

Berkowitz (2006) argues that with regard to the healthcare consumer, customer satisfaction is far much important than customer royalty. Here, Berkowitz (2006) notes that while other firms working in a non-healthcare field can concentrate on retaining customers hence customer royalty, all the players in the healthcare industry are bound by their code of conduct as well as ethics to put the needs of healthcare consumers first. Hence in this regard, what is important is not customer royalty but customer satisfaction.


 Fortenberry, J.L. (2010). Cases in Health Care Marketing. Jones & Bartlett Learning

Fortenberry (2010) seems to support the assertion above by arguing that customer loyalty is a consequence of customer satisfaction. The reasoning here is that if customers are satisfied by the heath care products utility, that is, its ability to satisfy their needs and wants, then they will be loyal to the same. This argument can be seen to make sense as according to Fortenberry (2010), there is no way customer loyalty can precede customer satisfaction. Hence all in all, customer satisfaction ultimately leads top customer royalty.


 Thomas, R.K. (2007). Health Services Marketing: A Practitioner’s Guide. John Wiley & Sons.

The position held by Thomas (2007) seems to be pro-business. In his view, customer royalty is essential to maintain the relevance of healthcare marketing. This argument seems to favor customer loyalty over customer satisfaction by arguing that customer royalty is what keeps the players in the healthcare marketplace afloat. He continues to argue that though essential, the creation of strategies to enhance customer satisfaction in the long run may be too expensive and hence difficult to sustain in the long run.                        


Mohan, G.K. (2006). Health Care Marketing. Discovery Publishing House.     

        The position taken by Mohan (2006)seems to dispute the one advanced by Thomas (2007) above. In his view, it may be expensive for some players in the healthcare marketplace to realize customer satisfaction but the benefits realized on attainment of customer royalty will end up raking in returns far in excess of the previous costs. This argument is in support of the notion that customer satisfaction eventually brings about customer royalty. Players in the healthcare market place are hence advised to dedicate all their efforts on satisfying, meeting as well as exceeding the expectations of customers so as to guarantee loyalty. This in the long run will be beneficial to all the healthcare enterprises that choose to adopt the same. Mohan (2006) notes that any attempt to fulfill the requirements of customers is rewarded by the establishment of a long-serving relationship between a retailer and its customers. Hence all in all, customer satisfaction is more important than customer royalty.

 


James Robinson is the Author and the Managing Director of MeldaResearch.Com a globally competitive top essay writing service which is the premiere provider of Essay Writing Services, Research Paper Writing Services at Term Paper Writing Services at very affordable cost. For 9 years, she has helped a number of students in different academic subjects.

 

EMPLOYEE PRIVACY REPORT

 


 Introduction

Over the years, we have had the internet spawning quite a number of lawsuits against employers. Email accounts for a huge chunk of this which can be traced back to cases of racial as well as sexual harassment emanating from emailed jokes etc. In this text, I look at the email use, internet use as well as privacy policies at my job whilst describing the laws regulating employee email and internet privacy. I also explain why companies implement email and internet policies and what assumptions employees could make as regards their privacy at work. Last but not least, I explain how these policies affect employee privacy at work.  


 Email use, internet use and privacy policies at my job

At my job, when it comes to email use, it is made explicit that the email system remains the company’s property and with that in mind, all the information sourced from the same including the messages, data etc are therefore the company’s property. Hence all the email messages received within the system constitute the company’s records.


 At my job, the information technology department makes it possible for all the employees to use the internet as a tool for work related research as well as a communication source. Given that the internet is a strong tool when it comes to communication and research, the company insists that it be used appropriately and with great responsibility. At my job, emphasis is put on using the internet to source for information that is relevant and applicable within our company’s setting.


             Towards that end, the information technology department carries out periodic reviews of the various sites and information accessed by any particular user. If the review shows that a given used seems to have abused the internet usage policy, the network privileges may be revoked and this could be followed by legal actions. At my job, any action that involves the downloading, uploading or even posting of materials that may be taken to be vulgar and/or pornographic is strictly frowned upon.


                With regard to the privacy policies, the company reserves the right to monitor, evaluate as well as carry out an audit of all he information sourced, reviewed or sent within the boundaries of its system. It is laid out in explicit terms that the company has a duty to protect its business and hence any message including emails sent from its system may necessitate an interception. With regard to email messages, all the users of the company’s system are also informed not to expect privacy of any degree.


 Current laws regulating employee e-mail and Internet privacy

Currently, laws generally allow the employer to review the contents of email messages since they basically own the system. Hence this means the employer can monitor messages sent within and without the company and this includes but is not in any way limited to instant messages as well as email accounts that are web based (Walsh 2009). It is important to note that recently, most companies have had those who work for them append a signature on a policy that regulates their network as well as computer usage while at work. Typically, this policy makes it explicit that the system is to be utilized only for work related issues and this gives the employer a reasonable right to monitor an employee’s usage of the computer as well as the email.


 According to Nash (2009), the freedom from search and seizure absent warrant basically guarantees some privacy with regard to the internet and email usage but this can only be seen to apply for personal files say at home. When it comes to the information contained in the employer’s server, the same privacy enjoyed in the scenario I recount above is not seen to be reinforced by law in any way.


 Reasons why companies implement e-mail and Internet use policies

There are a wide range of reasons why employers implement email and internet use policies. The reasons may be informed by the need to protect organizational resources as well as the enhancement of security. One of the main reasons why it makes sense to implement email and internet usage policies at the workplace is for purposes of safeguarding and enhancing security in relation to the IT network infrastructure. The internet as well as email policy could spell out what can and cannot be done by employees using the organizational system i.e. the sites that cannot be visited in the internet including pornographic sites etc. Some sites such as the pornographic sites are notorious for spy-ware and a wide variety of other viruses that may be detrimental to the company’s IT network infrastructure (Weckert 2005).


 Secondly, some forms of communications sent by employees could affect the company. With the business field becoming increasingly competitive, a leak of organizational secrets could cost the concerned organization dearly and in such a case, it makes great sense for employers to constantly monitor the emails received and sent by employees.


 On the other hand, monitoring the activities of employees including email and internet usage is reasonable as basically employees are engaged by the company to work for it and do all that appertains. With the raising in popularity of internet social sites, it has been noted that employees might end up using to much organizational time and resources whilst engaged at the online interaction sites like face book and tweeter. To ensure that employees do what they are employed to do, it is hence reasonable for companies and other employers alike to implement email and internet use policies.


 Assumptions employees might make about their privacy at work

According to Stanton et al. (2006) far too many employees assume that their email is private. They hence get tempted to use it for private issues other that the organizational related undertakings. Nothing could be far from reality as the employer is allowed to gain access to all the emails sent as well as received and in that regard, any form of electronic data transmission using the organizational resources is subject to scrutiny and monitoring. Similarly, some employees assume that some private undertakings they do while at the workplace i.e. phone calls are subject to scrutiny. However, this is not the case as for any recording of a phone call; the employer has to seek the permission of a competent court of law as opposed to monitoring the email and internet usage.


 Policies and their effect on employee privacy at work

It is important to note that some policies may have profound effects when it comes to employee privacy at work. For instance, video monitoring which the employer is allowed to use at the workplace for security as well as a measure to curb cases on internal theft can make employees feel that their every move is being monitored and hence feel as if their privacy is being infringed upon. While at the work environment video monitoring is limited to some places and prohibited in some i.e. the washrooms, some employees feel I overstays its mandate.


 Conclusion

It is important to note that though the implementation of email and internet use policies is reasonable from the employer’s point of view, it should not be taken to the extreme where employees feel as if they are in confinement. In addition to that, though it’s not a requirement under the law for the employer to inform the employees of the monitoring techniques the organization applies, it makes great sense for the employer to discuss the same with the employees so as to avert instances of sabotage.


 References

Nash, (2009). Workplace Privacy: Proceedings NY 58th Annual Conference on Labor. Kluwer Law International

Stanton, J.M., Stram, K.R. (2006). The visible employee: using workplace monitoring and surveillance to protect information assets–without compromising employee privacy or trust. Information Today, Inc

Weckert, J. (2005). Electronic monitoring in the workplace: controversies and solutions. Idea Group Inc (IGI)

Walsh, D.J. (2009). Employment Law for Human Resource Practice. Cengage Learning


 

Rosemary Clinton is the Author of this paper. She is a senior academic writer and an editor and she offers custom research papers. Thus, people that doubt their own writing abilities can use the best custom paper writing service and forget about their fears and lack of confidence by visiting ResearchPapers247.org

FEED BACK LOOP

 


As the name points out, a feedback loop has information detailing the transformation consequence being transmitted back to the systems input. The information being transmitted is in this case input data. In this text, I look at what the feed back loop would consist of in the case of Handheld inc. as well as what the causes and effects would create growth in Handhelds market.


 The feedback loop

For purposes of growth, the feedback loop would consist of both positive and negative feedback. This would basically be reinforcing as a negative feedback will result in corrective action being taken for purposes of addressing deviations. On the other hand, a positive feedback would act as a rein forcer whereby future action will be guided in a better and clearer way.


It is important to note that there are several cause as well as effect factors for purposes of growth creation in Handhelds market. For instance, a negative feedback as the cause can result in a number of effects specifically aimed at growth creation. This includes a wide range of corrective actions including but not limited to new designs with regard to the smart phone, marketing campaigns, value addition etc.


 Incase of a positive feedback as a cause, the effects could be varied and could include development of incentive packages to reward performance, development of new product as well as for purposes of future decision making. According to Talbott (2010), for any feedback, controls are extremely important for purposes of maintenance of the system.


 Conclusion

            It is important to note that the input data that is sent back to the systems input as a consequence of an action or series of actions should be acted upon appropriately, otherwise the system may stall as the feedback is largely taken to be cumulative.


 References

Talbott, K. (2010). Feedback Loop: Designing Complex Architecture. Lulu.com


 

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Sexual Values

 


                       Every individual has his or her own values when it comes to sexuality. It is also certain that as one grows up, his or her own sexual values tend to change as the sources of sexual information change as well as exposure to diversity in matters sexual. This has been the case for me particularly in regard to sources of sexual information. In my earlier stages of life, particularly during childhood, my main source of sexual information was my parents.


           However, during adolescence and young adulthood my parents were replaced by peers as sources of sexual information. In middle age and adulthood however, my main sources of sexual education has been the media and other publications. It hence goes without saying that my major influence in regard to sexual values currently has been the media i.e. what I read in various publications or watch on T.V.


            It is good to note that my sexual values differ by far with those of my parents. This I attribute to contrasting environments in which we were brought up. While my view of sexual values is liberal, theirs is largely conservative. This explains my tolerance to sexual values that are different to my own. In my own opinion, no person should be victimized for being different when it comes to sexuality.


            I plan to teach my children a lot about sexuality and this I have already begun as I have a son. I would like him to know as much as there is about sexuality so that he does not seek information which may end up being misleading elsewhere. I believe it is my duty as a parent to teach him that while there is need to be tolerant to sexual lifestyles that are different from our own, there are consequences attached to each sexuality decision one makes.


              I will also be supportive to sexual education in my child’s school for the right reasons as I do believe that if a child does not get sexual education from the right sources, he or she will end up seeking it from elsewhere, sometimes with disastrous consequences. 


 

James Robinson is the Author and the Managing Director of MeldaResearch.Com a globally competitive top essay writing service which is the premiere provider of Essay Writing Services, Research Paper Writing Services at Term Paper Writing Services at very affordable cost. For 9 years, she has helped a number of students in different academic subjects.

THE ECOLOGICAL APPROACH

 


Introduction

Cultural geography is a human geography sub-field that looks at the spatial functioning of human beings. It examines products that are considered cultural as well as norms and it primarily seeks to describe languages and their ways as well as government economy as well as other cultural issues. In this text, I carry out a detailed discussion of the assertion that cultural geographers will continue their fascination with ecological approach and that conceptual revisions and additions will be accompanied by increasing numbers of empirical analyses.


Cultural geography

In the recent past, the ecological approach as a focus for geography research has been receiving enhanced attention. In that regard, the ecological approach has been widely seen as an approach which is basically methodological ad as Duncan et al. (2004) argues, its significance to cultural geographers has been informed mainly by its enhanced application when it comes to geographic research. Mitchel (2000) notes that to come up with an appropriate definition of ecology’s position as the methodological approach’s substantive field, there is a great need for the basic concepts to be considered and how they relate to the organizing framework.


It is important to note here that the main concern of geographers lies in the explanation as well as identification of the earth’s phenomena spatial partnering. To conduct useful and relevant geographical investigations, there is great need to emphasize on interaction networks, functions as well as structure as relates to the ecosystem concept. According to Anderson (2003), the increasing interest to the ecological approach which cultural geographers have recently shown has got something to do with their genuine concern when it comes to the national character. This concern can be attributed to their desire to have people relate mutually wit their land.


In every society, the habitat perception is viewed in the light of the prevailing circumstances and hence at the societal level, people will always relater with the land according to their specific tastes and needs. This is probably what Duncan et al. (2004) means when he states that individual’s at the societal level will always view their habitat through their cultural lens. In that light, cultural geographers will always relate the people’s character to their cultural landscape.


 It is also important to note that the fascination of cultural geographers with the ecological approach may also be informed by the inadequacy of the regional approach as regards a number of pertinent issues. For instance, it cannot be used to map how the national character relates to or is affected by the physical environment.


However, the regional technique may be helpful when it comes to the meaningful disclosure or examination of patterns which can be taken to be localized. The other problem with the regional approach lies with the increased weakening of provincialism. This is as a direct consequence of modern civilization. In this regard, the cultural geographers will continue to show interest in the ecological approach.


It can also be note that the ecological approach is expected to shed light into the shifting significance of behaviors which can be considered individualistic across the various cultures. Also, as cultural geographers seek to understand landscape morphology so as to expound more on how human beings adapt to the environment, the ecological approach is expected to come in handy.


Previously, the ecological approach was widely utilized by the cultural geographers to understand the energy and materials flow while examining the role of institutions as well as beliefs in the natural ecology within the cultural framework. This approach took human beings just like a wide range of other organisms to be constituents of the ecology.


 Cultural geographers may also need to apply the ecological approach when it comes to coming up with a more detailed understanding of how individuals come up with decisions that relate to the use of the natural environment.


 Mitchell (2000) also notes that there are many questions which the ecological approach may help cultural geographers to answer. For instance it is largely unknown whether the national character can be taken top be the dominant region’s value style as well as system. If this is the case, then it may be expected that once there is a shift in the action centers, then there will be a change in the national character.


There has been a popular belief from the ancient times that the national character is largely influenced as well determined by the physical environmental effects. This as Mitchell (2000) notes provides a problem that seems elusive but all the more fascinating to cultural geographers. With that in mind, we may conclude that the ecological approach may prove greatly helpful when it comes to bringing to light fresh insights in this.


 Conclusion

It is important to note that though the ecological approach has taken a beating previously chiefly from political ecology. However its ideas today continue to be used widely and it remains to be seen what role it will play going forward given the fascination of cultural geographers with this approach. 


 References

Anderson, K. (2003). Handbook of cultural geography. SAGE

Duncan, J.S., Johnson, N.C., & Schein, R.H. (2004). A companion to cultural geography. Wiley-Blackwell

Mitchell, D. (2000). Cultural geography: a critical introduction. Wiley-Blackwell


 

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New Technologies

 


 Technology is a term that is used to describe the advancement in the techniques and knowhow of man when making inventions in different fields to solve problems easily.  New technologies have helped students finish their work faster and efficiently. The development of computers has helped in the presentation of ideas more effectively by students. The development of the computers in the world of technology has helped students to collaborate together in cooperative learning whereby they can work together in researching topics and creating presentations.


That student with special needs benefits from the experience of the other updated students. The development of PowerPoint has helped in the presentations of group or personal projects such that you can explain findings to your tutor using the soft copy. Word processing has made it easier in the real world technology to excellent writing and thinking skills. Most students have developed good art of writing with this software whereby you can edit your work at any point; you are able to write longer and complex sentences which are easy to revise.


Technology tools that have been facilitated (e.g. graphic designer, database, and word processing software) have helped students in their professions like businesses, communications and research. Not only students have acquired knowledge but also teachers can now make high quality designed projects to be implemented by students. Development of software application of telecommunication and video support has enhanced easier project presentation. (Barbara Means1997) However picking inappropriate fonts and colors may affect students which is a major drawback for new technologies. (Academy of sciences 2010)


References

National Academy of Sciences 2010.Technology to Support Learning

North Central Regional Educational Library 1997. Using Technology to Enhance Engaged Learning for At-risk Students.


 

Rosemary Clinton is the Author of this paper. She is a senior academic writer and an editor and she offers custom research papers. Thus, people that doubt their own writing abilities can use the best custom paper writing service and forget about their fears and lack of confidence by visiting ResearchPapers247.org

 

LAW OF CONTRACT

 


Introduction

In law, there is a presumption that every individual is entitled to enter into a legally binding relationship with any other party. However, there exists some exceptions to this presumption and one of these exceptions is the one that bars people of a certain age from entering into a legally binding contract. In this text, I explain the ethics as to why individuals of a certain age are not allowed to enter into a legally binding contract.


Law of contract: the ethics behind age exceptions

            Those who have not attained the age of the majority are called minors and they are effectively barred from entering into contracts except for some specified purposes i.e. for necessities. One of the main ethics based reasons for baring minors from entering into contractual relationships is to avert an instance where they might end up being manipulated as a result of their scanty understanding of the law at an early age.


Richards (2009) notes that for commodities not considered to be necessities, any contract entered with minors is null and void. This is done in the full understanding that some unscrupulous individuals may try force minors into legally binding contracts for pleasure items for business or personal gains whereas it is clear that the minors may not need such items. However, for necessities such as food, the law barring minors from entering into a contract is wavered to protect the minor from suffering unnecessarily but they may be voidable at the minor’s option (Richards 2009).


 Conclusion

It is important to note that the spirit of the exceptions in the law of contract as regards people of a certain age is to protect them from being manipulated by parties bent on taking advantage of their naivety or otherwise.


 References

Richards, P. (2009). Law of Contract, 9th Edition. Pearson Longman


 

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PREJUDICES

 


Reasons why Marla is More Prone to Developing Prejudices

Prejudice can be likened to prejudgment. Prejudices are largely assumptions made with no reference to facts whatsoever. Marla’s claim that her classmate Bernadette cannot get good grades as she is lazy is a mare assumption made with little knowledge of the facts informing Bernadette’s performance.


People who are more likely to develop prejudices end up in most cases making decisions and judgments with questionable accuracy because of their refusal to refer to facts. Hence all pointers in this scenario show that Marla is more likely to develop prejudices as opposed to Jane as a result of her refusal to understand and appreciate the real reasons for Bernadette’s poor performance.


Enhancing efforts towards combating ethnic prejudices

A good number of youth organizations and churches in my community have been in the forefront in the efforts towards the elimination of ethnic prejudices most specifically in children. Some of these efforts include discouraging children from using racist language and organizing sporting events that bring children from ethnic backgrounds together. These two efforts have been largely successful but it is important to state that in one way or the other, more needs to be done to enhance the effectiveness of these interventions.


Organizing sporting events and plays between children of different ethnic backgrounds is the right step to eliminate some of the existing stereotypes about some ethnic groups but these efforts should be accompanied by education sessions where children are asked to state all their opinions openly with regard to the various ethnic groups. These opinions can then be addressed from a factual standpoint so as set the record straight. This will be a giant step ahead towards enhancing the effectiveness of the efforts to combat racial as well as ethnic prejudices. 


 

Rosemary Clinton is the Author of this paper. She is a senior academic writer and an editor and she offers custom research papers. Thus, people that doubt their own writing abilities can use the best custom paper writing service and forget about their fears and lack of confidence by visiting ResearchPapers247.org

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