Organ Donation is Good
Organ donation is the removal of the body tissue from human body of a dead person. The organ should be removed from a person who has died soon. Also, the organ can be removed from a living donor. The organs removed from a living donor and dead bodies are used for transplanting purposes. Doctors use a surgical procedure to remove organs and tissues to use for transplant purposes. There is no age limit in organ transplant and tissue donation. People of all ages can donate organs and tissues. Doctors are supposed to determine the persons medical history before removing organs for transplant. Only people having good medical records and social history can donate organs to be used during the transplanting process. Organ donation is a major issue in United States and other countries. This is because people have different opinions on organ donation and tissue donation. Some think organ donation is good while others think organ donation is not good.
Organ donation has also been influenced by myths from different cultures. Different cultures views organ donation differently. Some of the cultures agree with organ donation while other cultures do not agree within organ donation. Some cultures disagree with organ donation because it is against their beliefs and values. This makes it difficulty for people from these cultures to donate organs. Others agree with organ donation as it is inline with their beliefs and values. Thus, it is a good idea. The thesis statement is organ donation is a good idea.
Comparing organ donation in United States and other countries
Organ donation is a common practice in many countries. Majority of the countries like United States have legalized organ donation. The countries have established procedures and rules to be followed during organ donation. The demand for organs in the world is higher than the number of donors in the world. The number of people on the waiting list who need organ donation is high than the number of donors in many countries. Several factors have contributed to increase in number of people waiting for organ donation.
First, the advances in dialysis technique have led to increase in demand for organ donation. This is because patients suffering from end stage renal infections can survive longer and they need kidneys to help them survive. Kidney infections increases as people tend to grow old. This means that old people are more likely to suffer from kidney infections than young people. Also, people having high blood pressure and diabetes are more likely to suffer from kidney diseases like end stage renal diseases. the number of patients having high blood pressure and diabetes in many countries has increased. This has led to increase in demand for kidney organs (Finn 2000).
Currently, the number of patients in the waiting list in United States is approximately 108,000. Not all the patients in the waiting list are capable of receiving organs. This is because 1/3 of the patients in the list are inactive. The waiting period and success for organs donated differ from one organ to another. This is as a result of the demand for organs and the procedures used. For example, patients waiting for kidney organs are more likely to wait for long than patients waiting for other organs. The waiting time for organs at the Oregon health and science university differ. For example, patients who want heart and liver wait for almost three weeks and three months respectively. Patients waiting for kidney organs wait for about 15 months. Hence, the waiting time differs from one organ to another (Finn 2000).
In Australia, the number of patients waiting for organ donation has increased. Currently, the number of patients waiting for organ donation is 10.8 million people. The countries have established centers to help in organ donation. For example, the Lions Eye institutes in Australia helps people get organ donations. The organization helps in collection and distribution of eye tissues and organs (Kanniyakonil 2005).
Is organ donation good or bad?
Organ donation has become a major concern in the society. People have different views on organ donation. Some think organ donation is not good as it affects the life of the donor. Also, organ donation affects the cultural beliefs and values. Others think organ donation is good as it helps save people life (Gruessner &Benedetti 2007).
Most people argue that organ donation is not effective. This is because the donors are not assured of their security and life. Most live donors think that organ donation has negative effects on the person donating the organ. First, organ donation can lead to death of the donor. This happens when doctors do not carry out the operations with enough care. This has made it difficulty for people to contribute organs willingly. This has affected the live of many people in the waiting list. Most people donate organs with fear of loosing their lives incase the medical procedure is not effective (Gruessner &Benedetti 2007).
In addition, living donors and other people argue that organ donation can lead to complication after the surgical operations. Though, doctors are supposed to take care when carrying out the surgical operations, the operation can result to complication. For example, some of the living donors develop complications like vomiting. The living donors vomit regularly and this affects their health. Additionally organ donation leads to other complications like additional surgery. Living donors who have donated liver and pancreases organs are likely to undergo additional surgery to help them recover well. Also, the living donors are likely to be hospitalized. This happens when the surgical operations has caused harm, but not benefit.
Some of the living donors are likely to have the recovery time extended. This is affects the person negatively as he is not able to lived a normal life. It also affects the quality of life of the patient. Though, many people are opposed to organ donation, the number of people needing organs has increased. Most patients have turned to relatives and friends to help them save their lives (Petechuk 2006).
Moreover, most people are opposed to organ donation because they dot have enough information about it. Transplant programs do not provide enough education to living donors and other people on organ donation. This has made it difficulty for people to accept organ donation is good. Some of the living donors are not informed about the effects of organ donation. Transplant programs and agencies are supposed to educate the community on the effects of organ donations. The living donor and the community should be aware of the complications that arise from organ donation.
For instance, the community should know the effects of organ donation like prolonged recovery periods, vomiting and hospitalization. This will make it easy for the community to accept organ donation and save people who are in need of organs. Failure to educate the community on the importance and side effects of organ donation has lead to scarcity of organs. This has impacted the lives of many patients in the waiting list. Also, the community should be educated on the negative effects of organ donation like looses.
Organ donations can led to death of the living donor and affect the family members negatively. It can also lead to loose of jobs and waste of time. Living donors might find it hard to work as a result of pain and discomfort that results from the surgical operations. This leads to looses in the family and workplace. Organ donation can also led to huge expenses as living donors try to get better medical attention incase of any complication. Thus, the government and hospitals should educate the public accordingly (Petechuk 2006).
Many researchers have criticized organ donation. The researchers have called on the transplant agency to put measures to help the living donors. This is due to increase in deaths and complications resulting from organ transplant. The hospitals and transplant agencies can help living donors and their families in different ways. First, the agencies are supposed to employ people to inform the living donor the effects of organ donation. Second, the agencies can provided medical attention to living donors even after the operation. This will ensure the living donors get good care and avoid complications and side effects that might lead to death. This will in turn help the agencies accept organ donation as a good practice. The researchers have criticized the methods used by hospitals to remove organs from a living donor. They argue that each hospital uses its own guidelines to remove organ from a donor. The hospitals do not have standard rules to follow when removing organ (Petechuk 2006).
Organ donation has also been affected by institutional policy and political affiliation. Countries like United States have established organ donation policy like presumed consent. Other policies are enforced presumed consent and informed consent. The policies have affected organ donation negatively. Most people in the country are not aware of the legislation that govern organ donation. This has made it difficulty for the living donors to agree to donate their organs. It also made it hard for family members to sign a consent to donate a dead persons organ. Though governments like United States government have put various policy to improve organ transplant waiting list, the policies have not been effective.
The informed consent policy allows the family members to give permission for organ removal. The policies have affected availability of organs in the country. Most transplant agencies and hospitals approach the families for organ donation from the deceased person even if the person was willing to donate an organ. Most families do not agree with the practice as they view it to be bad. Almost half of the families in United States refuse to donate organs. This is also common in other countries like United States (Petechuk 2006).
Although organ donation has negative effects, people think it is good. Most organizations views organ donation important as it has a lot of benefits. This has forced the government and organizations to overcome the challenges facing organ donation. The United States government and other agencies have established measures to overcome the shortage of organs in the country. First, the organizations and the government have started educating living donors and other people in the community on importance of organ donation. This has helped improve the number of organs in the country. The organizations educate the community on the side effects of organ donation and the surgical procedures.
For example, the community is taught on the negative effects of surgical operations like extended recovery for patients who have donated their organs. Also, the community is educated on the complications that result from organ donation like additional surgery. This has helped the agencies in convincing the public on the importance of organ donation. For example, living donors donating liver are advised on the side effects of the process like more surgical operations. This helps prepare the person psychologically. Most people are not prepared psychologically when donating organs as they are aware of the negative effects of the surgical operations. This makes it difficulty for people to make ethical decisions. Most families do not agree to the donation because of lack of education. This makes it difficulty for the families to make proper decisions (Brezina 2009).
Further, the government and the agencies have educated the community and people wiling to donate organs about the institutional policies. The living donors and other people in the society are supposed to be familiar with the policies that govern the donation process. This is to ensure the living donors and family members make good decisions. The living donors are educated on presumed consent and other policies. Though the policies governing organ donation differ from one country to another, the governments in this countries have educated the public about the policies.
Also, the government has provided education for living donors and the community on organ donation so as to eliminate the myths that affect organ donation. Cultural beliefs and religious beliefs have affected organ donation.
The beliefs have hindered many people from donating their organs to save peoples life. Studies have shown that organ donation is affected by other factors like age, gender and social economic factors. This has compelled the government and transplant agencies to help people eliminate such factors. Old people do not donate organs unlike young people in many countries. This is according to the findings from the study. This makes it hard for the old people to donate their organs or allow a deceased person to donate the organ. In addition, the study showed that female is more likely to donate organs than male. Also, the cause of death and the family also affected organ donation. For example, white families in United States are more likely to donate organs than other families. Education has helped eliminate the factors affecting organ donation (Brezina 2009).
Such as global organization for organ donation have supported organ donation as it has more benefits than harm. The organization has helped eliminate the misconception about organ donation. The organization has helped people understand the donation process so as to increase the number of people donating organs. Hence, organ donation is good as it helps save life of any people. It also helps improve quality of life and medical care for patients who need different organs (Brezina 2009).
Reality about organ donation in this society
In the olden days, most people viewed organ donation as unethical. This is because they did not have enough education to overcome the misconception. Also, people did not see the importance of organ donation. This influenced their decision to donate organs. In addition, hospitals did not educate people on the policies governing organ donation. Also, religious and cultural beliefs affected organ donation in the past. The number of people who donated organs was minimal. This led to more deaths as patients in the waiting list did not get quality care (Brezina 2009).
The situation has changed in the modern society. Most people have understood the importance of organ donation. There are several factors that have contributed to the change. First, education has helped people understand organ donation and eliminate beliefs that are opposed to organ transplant. So, hospitals have provided support to help people understand policies and the donation process. This has led to increase in number of people donating organs. It has also prolonged life of patients suffering from kidney infections. Lastly, the government has established ethical procedures to be followed during organ donation. The procedures help eliminate the side effects of organ donation. Though, the situation has changed, some people still do not support organ donation. This is because of their religious beliefs and cultural beliefs (Brezina 2009).
Whole body donation for medical science
Body donation refers to donation of the whole body after death. The body is used for medical institutions to carry out research and educate students. Medical schools only accepted whole body for research purposes, but private programs accept donations from donors. Whole body donation is not a common practice as many people do not agree with it. The number of people donating bodies has decreased for the last two years. This is because people have different views concerning body donation. Like organ donation, people think body donation is not ethical. The donation of bodies has been affected by lack of education. Most people do not know the importance of body donations.
This makes it difficulty for people to donate their bodies. Also, cultural and religious values have affected body donation. Some cultures and religions do not support body donation. This is because body donation is against their beliefs. This has affected people who are wiling to donate their bodies for medical research and education. Also, the body donation has been affected by misconception in the society. People have different views on body donations and this has lead to shortage of body donation (Boulware, Ratner,Cooper 2004)
The policies governing body donation differ from one country to another. The policies have also affected body donation. People are not aware of the policies and they make poor decisions. The body donation process will improve if the government educates the public on its importance. Also, it will improve if the government and other agencies educates the public on policies governing body donation. This will make it easy for people to valued body donation. The government should help the community eliminate beliefs that hinder body donation so as to increase the number of people donating bodies(Boulware, Ratner, Cooper 2004).
Organ donation is a common practice in many countries. The countries view organ donation as good. Organ donation has some effects. For example, organ donation leads to death and loose of jobs and time. Also, it leads to complications like additional surgery, prolonged recovery etc. The negative effects caused by organ donation have made it difficulty for people to accept the practice to be ethical. This has led to shortage of organs in many countries like United States. Though organ donation is bad, it is also good as it helps improve the quality of life among sick people. It also helps reduce the rte of deaths in the country by prolonging the lives of patients in the waiting list. The government and other agencies have educated the public on the importance of organ donation so as to help people realize how important it is. Most people do not value body donation as it affects their beliefs. Cultural beliefs, religious beliefs and lack of education have hindered body donation. This affected research in medical field.
Brezina,C.Organ Donation: Risks, Rewards, and Research. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2009
Boulware,L.E.,Ratner,L.E.,Cooper,L.A.Whole body donation for medical science: a population-based study.Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Finn, R.Organ transplants: making the most of your gift of life. O'Reilly, 2000
Gruessner, R.W., &Benedetti, E.Living donor organ transplantation. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2007
Kanniyakonil, S. Living Organ donation and Transplantation: A Medical, Legal, and Moral Theological Appraisal. Scaria Kanniyakonil, 2005
Petechuk, D .Organ transplantation.Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006