Anxiety is a psychological condition and also a physiological state seen in various components like behavioral, emotional, somatic and cognitive. Apprehensions, fears and worry are the three main components that lead to the unpleasant feeling of anxiety. Anxiety in the psychological community is generalized as a mood condition which is triggered by stimulus.
Normal anxiety can be also called future-oriented mood state which one develops to deal with future events that are unpleasant. It is therefore, a reaction to stress which prompts one to avoid the occurrence of expected negative events. Normal psychology also assists one to deal with negative events. Normal psychology is therefore, adaptative and not pathological.
Abnormal anxiety has no any signs of threat or danger but is persistent which leads to self defeating and ineffective behavior. This leads to serious effects to an individual’s life. One experiences cognitive effects like lack of concentration and emotions like guilt, fear, and unhappiness (Seligman, Walker, & Rosenhan, 2009).
A reasonable reaction to stimulus is known as normal anxiety. For abnormal anxiety, it is a condition which arises without any reaction to stimulus. This condition of abnormal anxiety therefore, goes beyond reasonable consideration. Normal anxiety is a response to stimulus which leads to worry of personal issues. Abnormal anxiety leads one to worrying about global concerns.
Unlike normal anxiety, a person suffering from abnormal anxiety shows physical symptoms like sweating, nausea, and heart palpitations. Abnormal anxiety leads to interference of daily activities but for normal anxiety, the person just worries about daily issue. The main causes of normal anxiety are fatigue and stress. Physical problems are the causes of abnormal anxiety (Ohman, 2000).
Seligman, M. Walker, E. & Rosenhan L (2009) Abnormal psychology, (4th ed.) New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Ohman, A. (2000). Fear and anxiety: Evolutionary, cognitive, and clinical perspectives. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.). Handbook of emotions. (pp.573-593). New York: The Guilford Press.