The Role Of Nurses In Health Promotion
Nurses have been involved in health promotion projects as they have a more direct contact with patients as well as the community. Health promotion involves the application of certain strategies which reduces the spread of diseases as well as provision of information on ways of maintaining those who are already infected. Other than creating awareness during health promotion, nurses are able to put into practice their theory gained in class such that they increase their competency.
Most of the health promotion campaigns are carried out in the communities although some are done to individuals who are exposed to certain risk factors. A lot of research has been carried out on the specific role of nurses in the area of health promotion as a way of increasing their competency and involvement in promoting health for all. However, more research should be conducted as the specific roles of nurses need to be clearly spelt out for them as the primary health care providers.
The role of the nurse in health promotion by Gott, M. and O’Brien, MAlthough the article is quite out dated, it gives a clear impression of development of health promotion in nursing practice. In the early 1990s, health promotion was closely linked to practicing nurses and most of them embraced the role quite emphatically yet the specific roles which nurses were supposed to play were not indicated. Similarly, the policies that are put n place to help in implementing various tasks such as health promotion had not been formulated in those days (Gott and O’Brien, 1990).
At the same time, the World Health Organization developed a campaign called Healthy People 2000 which was aimed at creating awareness about various ways of improving the health of al Americans. Nurses were given the mandate of educating the public about various health indicators and their roles were clearly spelt out for tem such that there was no conflict of interest. Therefore, the study reveals that the role of nurses in health promotion campaigns has greatly changed by formulation of clear policies of operations as well as specific responsibilities for all (Gott, 1990).
The study also gives a clear impression on the changed attitude of practicing nurses during health promotion sessions such that by making them more responsible during health promotion, their specific role helps in modifying their attitude. A positive attitude towards health promotion has contributed significantly to the achievement of various goals in health promotion (Gott, 1990).The article talks of identifying the legitimacy as well as the development of the nurse’s role in health promotion. This is a contradictory notion as there was no one time when involvement of nurses in health campaigns was an illegitimate affair.
Actually ever since the field of medicine was discovered, medical professionals including nurses have always been on the forefront when carrying out health awareness programs. The fact that nurses tend to have frequent direct contacts with their clients or the public makes them the best avenue for carrying out such projects (Gott, 1990). Policies which provide a framework for practice in the field of nursing usually provides the various activities which nurses can be included in or which they can apply their knowledge and skills. Policies on nursing practice are usually presented at each to nurses upon attainment of the required qualifications such that right from the beginning of practice, each individual nurse is bale to identify with the various ethical issues which determine the legitimacy of their work (Gott, 1990).
This contradiction could have been raised due to lack of more elaborate health promotion campaigns as compared to present day where more campaigns are springing up by day. Lack of proper preparation and launching ground for such activities in the 90s could also be blamed for the contradiction (Gott, 1990).The research provides evidence which support the improvement of nursing practice as over the years quite substantial changes have been witnessed in remodeling health promotion. Active participation of nurses in specific key roles as educators has been seen in the field. Therefore, the research was able to create quite a significant leap in nursing practice although it may be necessary to include the role of other health care providers (Gott, 1990).
The future role of nursing in health promotion by Chiverton, Votava and TortorettiThe current role of nurses is aimed at helping the community manage diseases and ailments which are part of everyday life. This research talks of future roles of the nurses which will be based on health promotion aimed at helping the public stay healthy at all times. His notion of helping people manage their health will be replaced by a more active role being played by the public while the nurses monitor the progress. More people are presently knowledgeable such that nurses are faced with the challenge of providing health awareness education to all as compared to the earlier days when it was only meant for the ailing.
The community has also increased its concern on healthy living not only for immediate family members but also for the entire community which acts as a stimulus for the nurses to change their attitude towards health promotion (Chiverton, Votava and Tortoretti, 2003).Information on changing health status of individuals as well as incorporation of the public in health promotion has been consistent throughout the research study. The community members have also played a key role in changing the overall health of their community members by engaging in individual promotions amongst themselves. However, one contradicting concept in the research is introduction of health promotion aimed at staying healthy as the previous health promotions have been aimed at the same objective. Current health promotion campaigns are usually aimed at helping people manage their diseases as well as adoption of lifestyles which will reduce infection or deterioration of the problem.
The objective being put in place for the future that is teaching the people on how they should live healthy lives is the same thing which is being used currently only that it has a different name. The other contradiction being presented is education for the public on ways through which health maybe promoted for all. This has been a role which is played by nurses since the inception of health promotion hence it is not quite a new concept (Chiverton, 2003).The possible explanation for the inconsistence could be away of increasing emphasis on the need to involve nurses in every aspect of health promotion. Although nurses have been associated with health promotion for quite a long period, most have been assigned minor roles which create a lot of disparities in the campaigns or projects. Therefore, by increasing active participation of nurses in the programs in addition to incorporating healthy people as key players in health promotion, the overall community will be able to achieve better positive results (Chiverton, 2003).Although the research provides clear indications of what nurses in practice will be doing in the health promotion awareness, appropriate strategies which can be used to attain better results should be identified. The author also creates room for research on ways of advancing the areas associated with health promotion.
This will make health promotion the most crucial role of any practicing nurse and the effects of the same will be seen in improved health for all. This is predicted to increase with enhanced nursing practice being improved on the basis of providing health care for the community. This is emphasized by creating a environment made up of knowledgeable people who are eager to learn new ideas concerning their health as well as nurses who are wiling to spread the information and to clarify various notions on health (Chiverton, 2003).The health-promoting school: what role for nursing? By Whitehead, DThe health promoting school has played key role in promoting as well as identifying the role of nurses in health promotion by training practicing nurses to change their attitude so that they are able to meet the demands and needs of clients. Over the years the changing environment has led to emergence of new unique needs as well as health demands from different clients such that it becomes equally important for nurses to be able to meet these needs.
The health-promoting school has been credited to increased interest and participation of nurses in health promotion activities especially in schools. Through continuous practice in the area, nurses who are conversant with health promotion projects in schools find it being easier to apply the same in other areas which require a similar degree of health promotion. Therefore, the setting gives a clear definition of the role of a nurse during such health promotion campaigns thus reducing confusion and enhances a more approachable behavior (Whitehead, 2006).
The article is consistence especially when indicating the similarities in school based health promotion and those affecting the whole community. It further states that there are no boundaries regarding the setting in which health promotion is carried out but rather nurses should embrace a positive attitude towards health promotion in addition to keeping in touch with the society. This interaction increases awareness of changing needs which are key to understanding the urgency as well as the nature of health promotion strategies to be employed in that particular place(Whitehead, 2006).
Though the article identifies the role of nurses in health promotion as being the same in any setting regardless of the clients, at some point the authors argues that it would be equally significant if all nurses were to keep abreast with the current changing situations. These include presence of more lifestyle diseases now than were present in the last century as well as evolution of major diseases which are closely related such that a nurse has to gain an in depth understanding of the setting and situation at hand in order to be able to carry out successful health promotion campaign or project (Whitehead, 2006).This research provides strong evidence which calls for change in the way nurses who are in practice such as the essence of continuous interactions with the society in which a nurse is working with.
These increases the chances of getting to know the needs of such a community by collecting first hand information form them. Similarly, by generalizing health promotion in all settings, the author is creating a more advanced emphasis on the need for nurses to take up more definite roles in the whole aspect of health promotion. This research has also generated a renewed interest in the health-promoting school such that all the nurses there are able to garner special skills as a group which makes their contribution to health promotion quite efficient. However, there is a recommendation for further research in the field to identify the specific role of nurses in health promotion in various settings other than a school setting (Whitehead, 2006).
The role of the nurse in health promotion: an evaluation of a smoking cessation program in surgical pre-admission clinics. By Haddock and Burrows
Nurses who have developed adequate background information about the problem at hand are able to carry out efficient health promotion awareness programs. This research shows that by carrying out extensive background research on the issue or health problem affecting the target population, a nurse able to identify his/her role and its execution until positive results are attained. This also counts for identifying the requirements of each problem by understanding the needs for various target groups and strategies which will work for them. In the research, the significant contribution of the nurses is felt in the way in which members of the community are willing to heed the advice provided so that their health status may be promoted(Haddock and Burrows, 2007).
One of the consistence trend observed in the study is involvement of a single nurse from the beginning of the sessions up to the end. Such consistency promotes the effectiveness of the program as well as defining the various changing roles of the nurse at each point of the sessions. The results obtained by the study could have presented different contradicting goals if the clients were given an option to consult different nurses in the course of their cessation. A contradicting idea in the study is in the role played by the nurse in the sessions. According to the information provided, no medication related to tobacco smoking was administered to the clients but rather information on the effects of smoking as well as the ways through which a smoker may resolve to use when quitting. That role of the nurse indicated here is more therapeutic than education and therefore it’s contradicting with the objective of health promotion which calls for educating people (Haddock, 2007).
The inconsistency could be a way of creating emphasis on the various roles which can be played by the nurses. By diversifying the roles of nurses in health promotion, the researcher gives a more definite ideology that there is no specific task in the health field which cannot be handled by the nurses especially those who are involved in health promotion. However, this complicates matters further as it does not give the boundaries as to what extent the nurse can offer such therapies (Haddock, 2007).The research study provided stronger evidence as to why health promotions should avail the necessary roles which should be played by the nurses. By basing the responsibilities of health promotion nurses into broad roles, one may get confused regarding what is expected of them at specific times. The inability to provide distinct roles may reduce the rate at which nurses are committed to carry out the health promotion projects because someone else will be given al the credit for example in this case, the health counselor may attribute the reduced rates of smoking to his/her increased creativity in the sessions (Haddock, 2007)
Introduction: The role of nurses in health promotion. By Wills, J
This article identifies health promotion roles for nurses as being unlimited but often restricted to post infection rather than pre-infection strategies. This is often dictated by the nature of training they receive while undergoing through their studies. The research reveals that it is quite significant for nurses to work closely with the private and public sectors regardless of where one is based in order to improve the general wellbeing of all community members. This is emphasized by the fact that nurses are called upon to carry out intensive research to identify the most convenient mode of relaying information to the people. This automatically shows that nurses have a crucial role in educating the public on issues concerning their health during the health promotion (Wills, 2007).Although, nurses may be the key organizers of health promotion projects and campaigns it is important that members of the public are asked to participate in decision-making process.
This makes them air their opinions on the issues affecting them as well as in identifying the strategies which will be most effective for that specific health promotion. A major consistent opinion raised by the research is incorporation of the behavioral aspect of the community to their health status such that each has a direct impact on the other. The various health indicators that are usually involved in health promotion awareness campaigns are more dependent on social factors (Wills, 2007).This article argues that health promotion should be availed for those who at ailing rather than the healthy. According to the research findings the healthy do not require as much awareness like the unwell and therefore more time and resources should provided to the sick. This is not quite true as recent research has shown that health promotion projects are only successful after incorporating all groups of individuals whether healthy or unwell (Wills, 2007).
The role of nurses in health promotion has taken various dimensions all of which try to give a definite role for them but in as much as the five articles have delved into the topic a lot needs to be done in the area. Nurses encounter health promotions in most of their professional work hence more emphasis should be relayed on the topic to avoid conflicts when professionals from different areas get to work on the same health promotion campaign.
Chiverton, P., Votava, K. and Tortoretti. D. (2003), The future role of nursing in health promotion: American Journal of Health Promotion. Vol. 18(2), pp. 192-194
Gott, M. and O’Brien, M (1990), The role of the nurse in health promotion. Health Promotion International Journal. Vol.5, iss.2, pp 137-143
Haddock, J. and Burrows, C. (2007), The role of the nurse in health promotion: an evaluation of a smoking cessation program in surgical pre-admission clinics. Journal of Advanced Nursing: vol, 26, iss. 6 pp. 1098-1110
Whitehead, D. (2006), The health-promoting school: what role for nursing? Journal of Clinical Medicine. Vol, 15(3). Pp. 264-271
Wills, J. (2007), Introduction: The role of nurses in health promotion.. Blackwell Publishers Ltd.