The US illegal immigration policy has continued to be a subject of debate but less has been discussed concerning legal skilled worker visa. Instead there have been structure rules for immigrants especially after the September 11 attack. This paper will examine the liberal labor and the action of political committee in relation to Border Security of the US and Prosperity Skilled Worker Visas
Since the late 1980’s, America had foreseen the change in labor force which was shrinking and aging. This is as a result of the baby boom generation. Today America has the same challenges to face. There is shortage of labor and more so, on the department of nursing as our health care facilities which is getting flooded with old people in need of acute medical attention. Engineering is another department in need of skilled man power. Most firms have found it difficult in finding qualified workers. These firms have also found it expensive in hiring the few available qualified personal because they are expected to offer better benefits and higher salaries so as to remain competitive. As the majority of the workforce individuals retire, there has been an increase of manufacturing jobs, off shoring design services and much more restrictive rules on laws required to immigrate. These factors have jointly caused labor shortage since 2007.
International corporations based in the US are always in search of the best people to work in them. This therefore means that the current attitude of implementing structure rules on legal work force in to the current situation is a fallacy (Bhagwati, 2010, p16). The corporations hire from world class technological centers and institutions which are set up and sponsored by the US. Visa for skilled workers such as the H-1B have not been expanded yet politics have shifted to increasing quotas for illegal immigrants. Yet if such a move could be undertaken, the bill would benefit firms like Microsoft and Intel which are in need of skilled laborers. Many are against the use of skilled foreigners because of the public notion that the foreigners would take away jobs from them. This brings a serious battle ground that harms globalization (Gelatt, 2006, 23) king visa are eligible to work in a foreign country. The US has always benefited from foreign workers for the general development of the country. Holders of H-1B visas have come from world recognized technical institutions. By labor it doesn’t mean just and other graduate but a hugely successful people to enrich the US immeasurably. The Outdated immigration policy is threatening the economic well being of the US (COHA Research Associate Jamie Heine, 2010). This is because the immigration policy does not allow skilled immigrants to work in the US. The country is therefore loosing the race for talented immigrants. In 2007, for example, Microsoft opened a software development in Vancouver, Canada but the qualified skilled workers were prohibited to live in the US.
A Canadian venture has recently noted the growing number of ventures in need of talented workers through of shoring. Thais has been attributed to lack of modern policies that fill the need of skilled immigrants Another challenge with the current US policy for skilled workers immigrant is the inability to receive US work permits through the professionals has been educated in the countries universities. This forms an ironical scenario where by the US government fully funds valuable resources to these universities for education with no restrictions as to weather one is an immigrant or not. Yet when it comes to employment, the foreigners are not given work permits to work for the country. Therefore, the US misses out on substantial economic benefits especially from those graduating from our universities. Green cards and H-1B visas are the only legal documents used in obtaining employment opportunities in the US. The H-1B is reserved for those individuals with unique skills that are specific (U.S. Department of Homeland Security n.d.). The country issues only 65,000 of them annually while the green cards are140, 000 annually. (Willly 2008, 76).
This is a small number of work permits being sought by foreign workers. Companies in need of enough skilled labors are forced to move to other countries. This is why Microsoft after labor shortage in Vancouver moved to Israel, Ireland and Denmark (Gohring 2007, p 45).Since the middle of the twentieth century, highly qualified personal have lacked opportunity in their countries went to the US. Currently this trend is being reversed. As countries expand their policies to accommodate skilled immigrants into the economy, the US has tightened its policy to restrict foreigners in to the country. The UK has a Highly Skilled Immigrant Program which evaluates the skills that specific immigrant have as they apply for work permit. Australia has also opened doors for skilled immigrants which have seen the growth of Australian economy.
Political action committees
The Obama administration has implemented new strategies to carry out immigration strategies of enforcement responsibilities in regard detention, criminal aliens and the employers. Other efforts are to be done in collaboration with Mexico to reduce drug war violence and arms trafficking. The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant responsibility Act involves it self with hastening deportation of unauthorized immigrants who committed crime. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation welfare denied access to federal benefits to unauthorized immigrants. Such benefits included Supplemental security Medicaid and food stamps. The antiterrorism and Effective Death penalty act made it easier to deport arrest and detain non citizens. The Congress enacted the American Competitiveness in the Twenty First Century Act in 2000. This act was to measure the demand of skilled immigrants especially in engineering, math and science to bring an economic boom to the US. This has to the rise of the number of H-1B visas from 115,000 in 2000 to 195,000 in 2003.
However the number has currently been reduced to 65,000. The attack of September 11, 2001, posed a threat to National security. The Department of Home land security merged twenty two federal agencies and dissolved INS. The functions of the INS which was part of the Department of Justice, was distributed among three new agencies. These roles were Immigration and Customer Enforcement ICE. Its responsibility was for enforcement of customer requirement and immigration and customs requirements. This included employer removal and detention.The US Citizenship and Immigration service Added visa benefits, naturalization Applications, and refuge and asylum application. Customer and Boarder Protection oversee the entry of goods and people at all ports of entry.
America global skills leadership is now under challenge, the long term end of baby boomers in the form of stagnating US education attainment and retirement. This has jeopardized long term economic growth opportunities and High-tech sectors. Policy makers have not stopped the graying population and mass retirements. Now that the boarder peculiarity and illegal immigration has become the prominent subject of debate, they should consider recruiting highly skilled worker from abroad. Along side this the government should aim at improving the education system as a quick solution and a more realistic one as we can now foretell skill shortages.
US policy makers can only hope to counter the long term phenomena by reforming high -skilled immigration policies. They should also facilitate the continuing and economically necessary inflow of skilled workers from off shores.This is an aspect that has not been considered by recent policy makers by in fact becoming more tangibly moiré restrictive through political emphasis.The issue of skilled immigration has however been subsumed by highly polities aspects like, the heated immigration debate on border control security and the reinforcement of high labor standards. The technology industry is currently missing out opportunities to expand production and employment (Keeter, 2009, 342).
The Immigration policy undermines economic characteristics which include mastery of new advanced technologies and entrepreneur vitality. Most competitive companies cannot get visa from foreign high skills workers they want to hire. Such companies like Google, eBay and Yahoo. US should copy other countries such as China and India, which offer incentives for skilled workers and are now fast growing.There are not enough US citizens with these skills in such of technological jobs. The number of H-1B visa issues annually should be increased in number so as to allow more skilled legal immigrants for the benefit of this country.
Bhagwati, J and Hanson, G (2009) Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies, Oxford University Press, p 17
COHA Research Associate Jamie Heine ( 2010). Retrieved from
On May 26, 2010
Department of Homeland Security (2008) Office of Immigration Statistics. Retrieved from
On May 26, 2010
Gelatt, Julia (2006.) House Passes Enforcement Bill Lacking Temporary Worker Program. Migration Information Source, p 23
Keeter, S (2009). Where the Public Stands on Immigration Reform. Pew Research Center, p 342