Energy-Sufficient Industrial Systems
Energy sufficient industrial systems are essential in today’s environment and economic situation is important as most of the industrial operations are moving towards reducing, as well as, managing the existing energy reserves. Consequently, this has led to introduction of designs and operation systems which are energy saving thus making the industry an energy sufficient location where utilization of energy is key to ensuring that the reserves are not depleted (Estats Units d`Amèrica; Office of Technology Assessment, 1993).
Advantages of energy-sufficient industrial systems are as follows;
One way through which the working environment may be made energy-sufficient especially in the manufacturing industry is through reducing the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) operation system in a room especially rooms which are not used regularly. The same case applies for rooms which are never used to host employees or equipment to be used later on within the confines of the industry (McMillan, 1996).
Energy system controls to reduce the amount of energy used in HVAC such that when the approximate amount of energy in the room is attained, the system control puts off the entire system. Other equally essential ways of enhancing energy sufficiency is by cutting on the operational hours of the HVAC for example adjusting routine industrial meetings to minimize usage of the energy control system. Consequently, thermostats are used to self-regulate the operation of the energy systems especially in high energy consuming sectors of the industry such as manufacturing industries (Estats Units d`Amèrica; Office of Technology Assessment, 1993).
Boilers and CHP plants are often insulated to ensure that they operate maximally by using equally low levels of energy. Consequently, their cooling system for periodical resting periods such that a thermostat is incorporated to reduce chances reheating as minimal energy is used in heating at all times (McMillan, 1996).
Environmental changes such as global warming have increased the atmospheric temperatures in most geographical locations such that the only atmospheric problem that has to be dealt with is lowering the room temperature for human being occupation. This is done by including systems which try to equalize the air outside with that inside the building thus ensuring the amount of energy being used is lower. Consequently, a variable air volume system can be used to deliver exact amounts of air required. This is incorporated with reduced fan size in relation to the load of air required in that particular room (Estats Units d`Amèrica; Office of Technology Assessment, 1993).
The other option is to include other sources of energy such that electric energy is not regarded as the source of energy as it can be expensive and unreliable due to its inability to be stored. Similarly, the industrial systems can be fitted with energy sources which can be stored such that its regulations are also controlled sufficiently (McMillan, 1996).
Consequently, there are advanced plumbing systems which are used in the manufacturing industry to pump water which is used in the cooling system of the industry’s key sections. This is enhanced by use of water pumps which are insulated to prevent heating of the water and subsequently, less energy is used to cool to the water further as it proceeds to the cooling section (Estats Units d`Amèrica; Office of Technology Assessment, 1993).
Estats Units d`Amèrica; Office of Technology Assessment (1993). Industrial Energy Efficiency. DIANE Publishing
McMillan, C.J. (1996), The Japanese industrial system. Issue 1 of De Gruyter studies in organization; Societies in Transition. 3rd ed. Walter de Gruyter publishers.