This paper is designed to help the team during the final project. Most of the researchers do plan ahead in order to incorporate all things that they will need during the actual findings of the project. The paper addresses how participants will be selected, how the research will be conducted, methods that will be used or instruments to be used during the research and finally a clear strategy of how participants will be recruited and ways of collecting data.
Selecting the study participants
At this stage, this is where you find the appropriate participants who you think will provide you with necessary information. There are different methods of selecting your participants but all depends on the type of study or information you want to collect. One of the best methods used in selecting focus groups is known as ‘convenience’ sampling. This indicates that you select participants who will provide you with the best or relevant information. Commonly, random selection does not yield better results. You need to involve those people who are affected by your study in order to give you relevant information, (WATERS, 2006).
During selection of the participants, ensure that you remember all the major problems of the study in order to get the best participants. People who might have powers or authority may be of no use in providing the best information. If you are not familiar with the locality where you want to conduct your study, seek information from one of the residence and let him show you where you can get better information. Personal ideas will not yield you better information particularly when studying a certain system of the community, (WATERS, 2006).
The number of participants depends with the study you are taking. After you have determined the type of people you want to incorporate in your study, you need to determine how many people will build your focus groups. Each focus group should have a minimum member of twelve people and you should not have less than 10 focus groups. When selecting your participants, ensure that they are balanced. When we say balanced we are talking of gender, race if any, age and status. Ensure that middle age people are mixed up with those who are little older. In an instance where you have say 120 participants, ensure that 60 are young people and the rest are old people. Gender also plays a major role in getting the best information, (WATERS, 2006).
In most quantitative research, the researchers tend to determine the relationship of an independent variable and that of dependent variable. Research design can either be longitudinal, survey, experimental, pretest/protest control groups, or quasi experimental. In most cases, quantitative research designs come into two ways that is experimental and descriptive. For an experimental design, you tend to measure your results before and after your study. Descriptive is much easier because the researchers do measure the subject once, (WATERS, 2006).
In order to get an accurate information, you need have several response from the participants so that to see the relationship. In this case we shall use experimental as our quantitative research design. The results of experiment are causality. Some of the potential threat related to experiment as a method of research design includes response of the participants. Some of the participants many be relative to respond due to cultural factors such as beliefs and values.
There is likelihood of getting information which is not relevant because participants might fear their security or may think that they will reveal their secrets which is against their beliefs. Also there is likely of getting information which is not enough. In order to have a smooth study, ensure that participant provides complete information. Some of the participants may tend to give part of the information and demand to be given something in exchange of the information. Due to replicability, one might tend to get the same information which others have already given.
In order to prevent or minimize those threats which might be a hindrance to the study, ensure that you accommodate diversity of your participants. This will allow you get relevant information. On the other hand you need to ensure that there is security of the participants so that they provide best information. Let the participants see the importance of your study and educate them why your study is importance, (WATERS, 2006).
There are different measurable variables of interests such as self-efficacy. In order to measure self-efficacy, we shall use accuracy, productivity, exertion, threat, level of ingenuity, and self-regulation. Here we measure the participants’ personal efficacy and see if they are capable of conducting the study effectively and produce relevant information. Also how are they conducting and organizing the study?
The validated instruments of the study will depend with the study which we shall take. The number of items will not be more than 10 in order for our information not to be biased. The sample item will all depend with the study which we will choose and we shall use likert scale as our scale of measurement. Our study needs to be free from outsiders influence, (WATERS, 2006).
How to Recruit Participants and Collection of Data
Selection and recruiting participants is one of the most important aspects in the study preparation. Use the best staffs you have in order to select those participants that are believed to be best in order to provide services or information which are relevant. In most case you need to use staffs who are experienced in the section you want to undertake your study. We shall ensure that there is a select team of staff who will help us to collect the data.
Interviewers and participants will be involved in the data collection process. Our method of collecting data will be observation since we are using experiment in our study research. The time frame of our data collection will be not less than 2 months in order to allow our participants to give us enough information, (WATERS, 2006).
Since the paper helps the researchers on how to undertake their study, they should ensure that they have enough sources of information. We shall conduct our study in the area where we believe participants will cooperate with our interviewers.
WATERS, D. (2006). QUANTITATIVE METHODS FOR BUSINESS. PRENTICE HALL
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